Fibroid Risk Factors

What causes fibroids?

The exact cause of fibroids is unknown. Their growth has been linked to the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Studies have found that women who start their periods at a younger age are more likely to develop fibroids. Although taking female hormones is linked to fibroids, the use of birth control pills is not. The primary risk factor for developing uterine fibroids is being a woman of reproductive age. But other factors exist that can also have an impact on fibroid development, including:

  • Genetics
  • Race
  • Menstruation
  • Diet
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Age

I'm at higher risk. What's next?

To find out if you have uterine fibroids and discuss treatment options, talk with your doctor. Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) is 80-90% effective in reducing the symptoms caused by fibroids. Some patients' symptoms completely go away. To help with the decision, you can watch a free video featuring Dr. Karen Ehrman, interventional radiologist with more than 20 years of experience treating fibroids with UFE.