Upper GI Endoscopy/EGD
This procedure (also sometimes called esophagogastroduodenoscopy, or EGD) is used to diagnose conditions causing swallowing problems, nausea, vomiting, reflux, bleeding, indigestion, abdominal pain, chest pain, or unexplained weight loss.
With the patient under sedation, a lighter, fiber optic flexible scope the size of a pen is passed through the mouth, so the physician can see the lining of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum (first portion of the small bowel). The doctor can look for ulcers, inflammation, tumors, infection, or bleeding.
The doctor can collect tissue samples (biopsy), remove polyps, and treat bleeding through the scope. The procedure may find problems that do not show up on X-ray tests.
Sedation is given and the procedure takes 10 to 20 minutes with a one-hour recovery time. Your stomach must be empty for this procedure to be performed so you cannot eat or drink for at least six hours prior.