Gastric sleeve is a restrictive weight loss procedure that reduces the size of the stomach pouch, which can lead to dramatic and rapid weight loss. After a sleeve gastrectomy, the patient is able to fill his or her smaller stomach with a greatly reduced amount of food (only a few ounces), yet still feel satisfied. This allows patients to lose weight much more quickly than they could before the surgery.
A laparoscopic gastric sleeve surgery (performed through very small incisions) can minimize scarring and dramatically reduce patient recovery time. This allows patients to begin their new diet and exercise routines as soon as possible. Surgical staples keep your new stomach closed. Because part of your stomach has been removed, this is not reversible.
For morbidly obese patients, dramatic weight loss can result in improved circulation, resolution of diabetes, reduced blood pressure and cholesterol, and even sleep apnea revision. In cases where a patient has a very high BMI, sleeve gastrectomy may occasionally be followed by more intensive gastric bypass surgery.
When the gastric sleeve procedure is performed laparoscopically, patients typically have a reduced risk of infection or complications when compared to an open surgery procedure. However, complications such as stomach leakage and gastrointestinal problems are associated with all restrictive weight loss surgery procedures.
After surgery, your bariatric team, including a registered dietitian, will help you stay on track with diet and nutrition instructions and healthy meal planning. You may need to take vitamins and mineral supplements for lifelong health.