What is testicular cancer?
Like the name states, testicular cancer is cancer of the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. Malignant cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles, almost always in germ cells – the cells that produce immature sperm. It often develops in younger men, although it can occur at any age. It is a highly treatable and curable type of cancer.
Facts and statistics
- In 2014, about 8,820 new cases of testicular cancer will be diagnosed and 380 men will die of the disease.
- In a man’s lifetime the chance of developing cancer is 1 in 270.
- The average age at the time of diagnosis is 33.
- Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 15 to 34 years.
- The five-year survival rate for testicular cancer is 95%.
Am I at risk?
The risk for testicular cancer is higher in younger men (ages 20-34), Caucasian men, men with undescended testicles, and men with a family or personal history of testes cancer. Know your risk >>
Screenings and self-exam
There are no routine testicular cancer screenings to detect signs of testicular cancer in men. The best way to prevent testicular cancer is to perform regular self-exams for testicular cancer, especially if you are at high risk. If you find any warning signs of testicular cancer, consult your doctor right away. Self-exam instructions >>
Signs and symptoms
The symptoms of testicular cancer in men can include lumps, enlargement or swelling in the testicle, changes in the scrotum, pain and other physical signs. Testicular cancer signs and symptoms >>
Diagnosis and treatment
Your doctor may perform physical exams, medical health history, ultrasound, biopsy or imaging scans to test for testicular cancer. Tests and treatment options >>
Schedule an appointment
When you need a testicular cancer doctor, call Community cancer care at 800-777-7775 to make an appointment. Our MD Anderson Cancer Network® certified physicians offer the answers you need for diagnosis, staging and treatment of testicular cancer.