What is type 2 diabetes?

What is type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition where the body does not properly process food for use as energy.

Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood.

When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: Right away, your cells may be starved for energy. Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.

Some groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others. Type 2 diabetes is most common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.

Source: American Diabetes Association