Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer
The symptoms of testicular cancer in men can include lumps, enlargement or swelling in the testicle, changes in the scrotum, pain and other physical signs.
- Lump, swelling or changes in the testicle—One of the first signs of testicular cancer is a painless lump, enlargement or swelling in either testicle. A change in how a testicle feels (size, firmness) may also be a sign of testicular cancer.
- Changes in the scrotum—A feeling of heaviness, pain or discomfort, or sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum are testicular cancer symptoms that should be examined by a physician.
- Pain or discomfort—Pain in a testicle or scrotum, or dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin, should be evaluated to rule out other causes. Pain can be caused by many other non-cancerous conditions, including injury or infection.
- Breast growth or soreness—In rare cases, breasts may grow or become sore. This occurs when testicle tumors produce high levels of a hormone that stimulates breast development, called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).
- Early signs of puberty in boys—Some tumors can produce male sex hormones. These may not cause any obvious symptoms in men, but in young boys they can cause signs of puberty at an abnormally early age, such as a deepened voice or growth of facial hair.
Worried about warning signs?
If you are worried about changes in the testes or other signs of testicular cancer, see your doctor right away for a physical exam. If you have testicular cancer, call 800-777-7775 for an appointment with our cancer experts or ask our cancer experts a question about testicular cancer treatment.