|Skin Injury (Cuts, Scrapes, Bruises)|
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|Does this describe your child's symptoms?|
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Abrasion on Elbow
Abrasion on Elbow (3 Days Old)
Scratches from a Cat
Bruise on Thigh (1 Day Old)
Bruise on Forearm
Laceration - Chin (After Skin Glue)
First Aid - Cut - Gaping and Needing Sutures
Impetigo of Elbow
Laceration - Chin
Laceration - Scalp
Laceration - Scalp (After Staples)
Puncture Wound - With a Foreign Body
When Sutures (stitches) are Needed
Cuts Versus Scratches: Helping You Decide
First Aid Advice For Severe Bleeding:
First Aid Advice for Shock: Lie down with the feet elevated.
First Aid Advice for Penetrating Object: If penetrating object still in place, don't remove it (Reason: removal could increase internal bleeding).
|When to Call Your Doctor|
|Call 911 Now (your child may need an ambulance) If|
|Call Your Doctor Now (night or day) If|
|Call Your Doctor Within 24 Hours (between 9 am and 4 pm) If|
|Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If|
|Parent Care at Home If|
|HOME CARE ADVICE FOR MINOR BRUISES, CUTS AND SCRAPES|
- Apply a cold pack or ice bag wrapped in a wet cloth to the bruise once for 20 minutes to stop the bleeding.
- After 48 hours apply a warm wet wash cloth for 10 minutes 3 times per day to help reabsorb the blood.
- Cuts, Scratches and Scrapes
- Apply direct pressure for 10 minutes to stop any bleeding.
- Wash the wound with soap and water for 5 minutes. (Caution: never soak a wound that might need sutures, because it may become more swollen and difficult to close.)
- Gently scrub out any dirt with a washcloth.
- Cut off any pieces of loose skin using a fine scissors (cleaned with rubbing alcohol).
- Apply an antibiotic ointment, covered by a Band-Aid or dressing. Change daily.
- Liquid Skin Bandage for Minor Cuts and Scrapes:
- Liquid skin bandage is a new product that seals wounds with a plastic coating that lasts up to 1 week.
- Liquid skin bandage has several benefits when compared to a regular bandage (e.g., a dressing or a Band-Aid). Liquid Bandage only needs to be applied once to minor cuts and scrapes. It helps stop minor bleeding. It seals the wound and may promote faster healing and lower infection rates. However, it is also more expensive.
- After the wound is washed and dried, the liquid is applied by spray or with a swab. It dries in less than a minute. It's resistant to bathing.
- This new product is available at your local pharmacy.
- Pain Medicine: Give acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) or ibuprofen as needed for pain relief.
- Call Your Doctor If:
- Looks infected (pus, redness, increasing tenderness)
- Doesn't heal within 10 days
- Your child becomes worse
And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the "Call Your Doctor" symptoms.
Disclaimer: This information is not intended be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.
Author and Senior Reviewer: Barton D. Schmitt, M.D.
Last Reviewed: 1/19/2009
Last Revised: 6/24/2008
Content Set: Pediatric HouseCalls Online
Copyright 1994-2009 Barton D. Schmitt, M.D.