Written by on 10/1/2014 9:30:00 AM
October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month - dedicated to increasing awareness about one of the biggest cancer threats to women. According to the American Cancer Society, in 2014 alone, 232,670 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women in the United States. Additionally, 62,570 cases of carcinoma situ (a non-invasive and early form of breast cancer) will be diagnosed.
Although the disease is predominantly seen in women, men are not immune. In fact, in 2014, more than 2,300 men are expected to be newly diagnosed with the disease.
- Increasing age (risk almost doubles after age 60)
- Inherited genetic mutations (BRCA1 and/or BRCA2)
- Personal or family history of breast cancer
- Extremely high breast-tissue density as seen on mammograms
- Biopsy-confirmed atypical hyperplasia
- Having Li-Fraumeni or Cowden syndromes
- Never having children or having one's first child after the age of 30
- Being overweight or physically inactive, or becoming obese after menopause
Discovering breast cancer in its early stages greatly increases treatment options and survival rates. Regular screening mammograms and breast self-exams are extremely important. Simple lifestyle changes can also help you defend your body against breast cancer. continue reading ...
Written by on 4/17/2014 7:00:00 AM
Testosterone levels and infertility can be affected by cancer treatment, but it differs from person to person.
Testicular cancer normally only develops in one testicle. If that testicle is removed, the other testicle can usually make enough testosterone to keep hormone levels up. The age of the person and the pre-treatment gonadal function also play a large role in the testosterone level after treatment.
However, if the both testicles have been removed or if a new cancer develops, supplemental testosterone can be given. Most often this is in the form of a gel or patch that is put on the skin or a monthly shot. continue reading ...
Written by on 4/7/2014 10:00:00 AM
A 30-year follow-up study of more than 12,000 women shows if they took fertility drugs (clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins) this treatment did not increase their risk for developing breast cancer.
Previous studies have reported conflicting results, from increased and decreased risk, to no association. Overall, during the 30-year period, only 749 of the women in this study were diagnosed with breast cancer. continue reading ...
Written by on 2/17/2014 7:15:00 PM
This month we’re recalling former U.S. Olympians who were challenged by cancer. One such Olympian is Shannon Miller, who competed as a gymnast in two Summer Games: Barcelona in 1992 and Atlanta in 1996. She was one of the “Magnificent Seven” and is the most decorated American gymnast in history.
Miller was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in February of 2011 after physicians discovered a cyst on her ovary during a routine gynecological exam. Miller underwent surgery to remove her left ovary and had nine weeks of chemotherapy treatment.
Last June, Miller and her husband welcomed a healthy baby girl, named Sterling. This achievement rivals her Olympic performance, especially because Miller is a cancer survivor. continue reading ...