Written by on 10/6/2014 12:30:00 PM
Claudia Davis, RN, OCN, CBCN, is an oncology nurse navigator at Community Health Network.
There is a lot of information about mammograms available to women, but sorting through the information can be overwhelming. Claudia Davis, registered nurse and manager of the nurse navigator program at Community Healthy Network, answered some of the most common questions about mammograms.
What exactly is a mammogram?
A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray exam of the breasts to look for changes that are not normal. The results are recorded on x-ray film or directly into a computer for a radiologist to examine. A mammogram allows the doctor to have a closer look for changes in breast tissue that cannot be felt during a breast exam.
How is a mammogram performed?
A mammogram is performed on an x-ray machine. A radiologic technician, places your breasts, one at a time, between an x-ray plate and a plastic plate. These plates are attached to the x-ray machine and compress the breasts to flatten them. This spreads the breast tissue out to obtain a clearer picture.
Most often, two pictures are taken of each breast — one from the side and one from above. A screening mammogram only takes about 20 minutes from start to finish.
When should I start getting mammograms?
The American Cancer Society and American College of Gynecology recommend women get their first screening mammogram at age 40. continue reading ...
Written by on 10/1/2014 9:30:00 AM
October is National Breast Cancer Awareness Month - dedicated to increasing awareness about one of the biggest cancer threats to women. According to the American Cancer Society, in 2014 alone, 232,670 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women in the United States. Additionally, 62,570 cases of carcinoma situ (a non-invasive and early form of breast cancer) will be diagnosed.
Although the disease is predominantly seen in women, men are not immune. In fact, in 2014, more than 2,300 men are expected to be newly diagnosed with the disease.
- Increasing age (risk almost doubles after age 60)
- Inherited genetic mutations (BRCA1 and/or BRCA2)
- Personal or family history of breast cancer
- Extremely high breast-tissue density as seen on mammograms
- Biopsy-confirmed atypical hyperplasia
- Having Li-Fraumeni or Cowden syndromes
- Never having children or having one's first child after the age of 30
- Being overweight or physically inactive, or becoming obese after menopause
Discovering breast cancer in its early stages greatly increases treatment options and survival rates. Regular screening mammograms and breast self-exams are extremely important. Simple lifestyle changes can also help you defend your body against breast cancer. continue reading ...
Written by on 9/26/2014 6:00:00 AM
Dr. Jianan Graybill, is a radiation oncologist and certified MD Anderson Cancer Network® physician.
In the past 20 years, cancer treatments have changed dramatically, including treatment for prostate cancer. Advances in treatment therapies have reduced the severity and frequency of side effects, and nearly 100 percent of men diagnosed with prostate cancer are alive after five years.
Men with prostate cancer have several options for treatment. Radiation therapy is one. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays, either beamed from a machine or emitted by radioactive seeds implanted in the prostate, to kill cancer cells.
Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
This targeted treatment is often used for men with localized prostate cancer. Studies have demonstrated strong outcomes for patients after receiving targeted therapies like IMRT and IGRT (Image Guided Radiation Therapy). Sometimes, these types of therapies are also combined with hormonal therapies.
Here at Community Health Network, we use CT cone beam as our advanced IGRT. continue reading ...
Written by on 9/22/2014 6:00:00 AM
There are nearly 3 million prostate cancer survivors in the United States. While the survival rate is high and treatments have improved in recent years, being diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer may cause a number of side effects.
The most common side effects associated with prostate cancer treatment are incontinence, erectile dysfunction and depression.
Urinary incontinence can range from some leaking to complete loss of bladder control. Increased urgency and urinary frequency are common.
These symptoms are usually caused by damage to the nerves and muscles that control urinary function during cancer treatment. However only about five percent experience any of these long-term. continue reading ...
Written by on 9/11/2014 4:13:00 PM
Practicing a healthy lifestyle is critical when it comes to protecting your body against prostate cancer. By making simple modifications to your diet, you can maintain a healthy prostate.
- Eat veggies. Broccoli, cauliflower, kale, cabbage, carrots, sweet potatoes and mushrooms top the list of cancer-fighting vegetables.
- Munch on fruit. Tomatoes, grapes, avocados, apples, berries and citrus fruits can work as cancer preventatives.
- Avoid red meat. A diet high in red meat has been linked to increased cancer risk.
- Drink green tea. It contains antioxidants that decrease prostate cancer risk. continue reading ...